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1920-1930 - Introduction
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Through hard work many homesteaders did achieve the idyllic images that were used as advertisements to first attract them to the prairies.

The 1920s’ are often referred to as the ‘roaring twenties’. The prosperity of the times and the changes in social values were responsible for the naming. Saskatchewan benefited during these good times as bumper crops and high prices created a great deal of prosperity in the province.

A key factor to the social change that occurred in the province was the automobile and how quickly Saskatchewan people adopted it. Not only did cars, trucks, and tractors increase agricultural efficiency, they also helped to end the isolation that plagued many homesteaders. While manufacturing, selling, and repairing automobiles added to the economic diversity of the province, so too did the expansion of mining and logging in the north. The thematic sections entitled ‘Transportation and Communications’ and ‘Labour and Economic Growth’ can be viewed for archival information related to these developments.

The agricultural prosperity was tempered somewhat by marketing difficulties and the lack of input farmers had in the process. It was during the 1920s that the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool was formed along with other agricultural organizations in an attempt to put more of the profits into the producers’ pockets. Archival information related to this development can be found in the ‘Agriculture – Agricultural Organizations’ thematic section. The building of the Hudson Bay Railway was another attempt to give farmers more options in marketing their grain.

The 1920s’ were definitely prosperous times for the people of Saskatchewan, but the stock market crash of 1929 brought rapid closure to the good times as the bottom fell out of the grain market. By the early 1930s the good crop years were replaced by drought and the optimism that built the province was sorely needed to weather the difficulties of the ‘dust bowl’.

The depression and drought of the 1930s signalled the end of an era. Between 1870 and 1930, the foundations for the province were built and a unique identity for the people was formed.

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Farms; Houses; Weyburn District

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